The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). Afr. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. 1978. Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. Le cycle annuel du puceron de l’arachide (Aphis leguminosae Theob.) Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. DAN A. gossypii Glover. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. Laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d’acier A., 2008. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. Smith, C.F. The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. Both the Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. 1991. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. J. Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… 1978. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. Réal, P. 1955. European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. Due to heavy is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). Aphis craccivora Koch. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. Catalogue national des It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … & Parron. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Ofuya TI, 1989. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. Aphis craccivora Koch. & Parron. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Wingless females are a little smaller. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. 2001-2020 W.N. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. 1854. Natural enemies include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae. 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